A List of the Nearest Stars

This is a list of stars that lie within 20 light years as known in the year 2006. Where possible data for this list is from the Hipparcos Catalogue and the 3rd Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars with some extra information from elsewhere. Except for the closest and the brightest stars there is no real agreement on what to call these stars, but I have tried to pick fairly common names. I have provided a lot of other catalogue numbers for all these stars. Many professional astronomers prefer to use Gliese Catalogue numbers for the nearest stars.

                Stars within 20 lys (6.13 parsecs)   (109 stars and 8 brown dwarfs)

     1            2    3      4       5     6     7      8     9    10      11    12      13         14    15       16         17        18      19             20
Common Name           Equatorial     Galactic   Class  Visual Abs  Prllx  Error  Dist Separation                   Catalogue Numbers                      Other Names/Notes
                      Coordinates   Coordinates         Mag   Mag                (ly)    (AU)       HIP    HD    BD/CD/CP    Giclas  Variable  Gliese
                      RA      Dec     l░    b░
Sun                   ---     ---    ---   ---   G2    -26.8  4.83  ---     --   0.00                                                            --       Sol
Proxima Centauri  C 14 29.7 -62 41  313.9  -1.9  M5.5  11.01 15.45 772.33  2.42  4.22 AC:14000 AU  70890                              V645 Cen Gl 551
Alpha Centauri    A 14 39.7 -60 50  315.8  -0.7  G2    -0.01  4.34 742.12  1.40  4.40              71681 128620 CP-60 5483                     Gl 559 A
Alpha Centauri    B 14 39.7 -60 50  315.8  -0.7  K0     1.35  5.70 742.12  1.40  4.40 AB:24 AU     71683 128621                                Gl 559 B
Barnard's Star      17 57.8 +04 42   31.0 +14.1  M5     9.54 13.24 549.01  1.58  5.94              87937        BD+04 3561a G140-024           Gl 699
Wolf 359            10 56.5 +07 01  244.1 +56.1  M6    13.45 16.56 418.3   2.5   7.80                                       G045-020    CN Leo Gl 406
Lalande 21185       11 03.3 +35 58  185.1 +65.4  M2     7.49 10.46 392.40  0.91  8.31              54035  95735 BD+36 2147  G119-052           Gl 411
Sirius            A 06 45.1 -16 43  227.2  -8.9  A1    -1.46  1.43 379.21  1.58  8.60              32349  48915 BD-16 1591                     Gl 244 A   Alpha Canis Majoris
Sirius            B 06 45.1 -16 43  227.2  -8.9  DA2    8.44 11.33 379.21  1.58  8.60 AB:20 AU                                                 Gl 244 B
L 726-8           A 01 39.0 -17 57  175.5 -75.7  M5.5  12.41 15.27 373.7   2.7   8.73                                       G272-061    BL Cet Gl  65 A
L 726-8           B 01 39.0 -17 57  175.5 -75.7  M5.5  13.25 16.11 373.7   2.7   8.73 AB:15 AU                                          UV Cet Gl  65 B
Ross 154            18 49.8 -23 50   11.3 -10.3  M4.5  10.37 13.00 336.48  1.82  9.69              92403                             V1216 Sgr Gl 729
Ross 248            23 41.9 +44 11  110.0 -16.9  M6    12.29 14.79 315.6   1.6  10.33                                       G171-010    HH And Gl 905
Epsilon Eridani     03 32.9 -09 28  195.9 -48.1  K2     3.72  6.18 310.75  0.85 10.50              16537  22049 BD-09 697                      Gl 144     Has a planet
Lacaille 9352       23 05.9 -35 51    5.1 -66.0  M2     7.35  9.76 303.90  0.87 10.73             114046 217987 CD-36 15693                    Gl 887
Ross 128            11 47.7 +00 48  270.2 +59.6  M4.5  11.12 13.50 299.58  2.20 10.89              57548                    G010-050    FI Vir Gl 447
L 789-6           A 22 38.6 -15 18   47.1 -57.0  M5.5  13.3  15.6  294.3   3.5  11.08                                       G156-031    EZ Aqr Gl 866 A
L 789-6           B 22 38.6 -15 18   47.1 -57.0  M5    13.3  15.6  294.3   3.5  11.08 AB:1.2 AU                                                Gl 866 B
L 789-6           C 22 38.6 -15 18   47.1 -57.0  M7    14.0  16.3  294.3   3.5  11.08 AC:0.029 AU                                              Gl 866 C
Procyon           A 07 39.3 +05 14  213.7 +13.0  F5     0.36  2.64 285.93  0.88 11.41              37279  61421 BD+05 1739                     Gl 280 A   Alpha Canis Minoris
Procyon           B 07 39.3 +05 14  213.7 +13.0  DA    10.7  13.0  285.93  0.88 11.41 AB:16 AU                                                 Gl 280 B
61 Cygni          A 21 06.9 +38 45   82.3  -5.8  K5     5.20  7.49 285.74  0.65 11.41             104214 201091 BD+38 4343           V1803 Cyg Gl 820 A
61 Cygni          B 21 06.9 +38 45   82.3  -5.8  K7     6.05  8.33 285.74  0.65 11.41 AB:86 AU    104217 201092 BD+38 4344                     Gl 820 B
Struve 2398       A 18 42.8 +59 38   89.3 +24.2  M4     8.94 11.18 281.15  2.29 11.60              91768 173739 BD+59 1915  G227-046           Gl 725 A
Struve 2398       B 18 42.8 +59 38   89.3 +24.2  M5     9.70 11.97 281.15  2.29 11.60 AB:49 AU     91772 173740             G227-047           Gl 725 B
Groombridge 34    A 00 18.4 +44 01  116.7 -18.5  M2     8.09 10.33 280.27  1.05 11.64               1475   1326 BD+43 44    G171-047    GX And Gl  15 A
Groombridge 34    B 00 18.4 +44 01  116.7 -18.5  M6    11.06 13.30 280.27  1.05 11.64 AB:150 AU                             G171-048    GQ And Gl  15 B
G51-15              08 29.8 +26 47  197.0 +32.4  M6.5  14.81 17.01 275.8   3.0  11.83                                       G051-015    DX Cnc GJ 1111
Epsilon Indi      A 22 03.4 -56 47  336.2 -48.1  K4     4.69  6.89 275.76  0.69 11.83             108870 209100 CP-57 10015                    Gl 845 A
Epsilon Indi      B 22 04.2 -56 47  336.1 -48.2  T1      -     -   275.76  0.69 11.83 AB:1500 AU                                               Gl 845 B   Brown Dwarf
Epsilon Indi      C 22 04.2 -56 47  336.1 -48.2  T6      -     -   275.76  0.69 11.83 BC:2.7 AU                                                Gl 845 C   Brown Dwarf
Tau Ceti            01 44.1 -15 56  173.1 -73.4  G8     3.49  5.68 274.17  0.80 11.90               8102  10700 BD-16 295                      Gl  71
L 372-58            03 36.0 -44 31  251.9 -52.9  M5.5  13.01 15.17 270.4   5.2  12.06                                                          GJ 1061    LHS 1565
L 725-32            01 12.5 -17 00  149.7 -78.8  M5    12.10 14.25 269.05  7.57 12.12               5643                    G268-135    YZ Cet Gl  54.1
Luyten's Star       07 27.4 +05 14  212.3 +10.4  M3.5   9.84 11.94 263.26  1.43 12.39              36208        BD+05 1668  G089-019           Gl 273
SO 0253+1652        02 53.0 +16 53  160.3 -37.0  M6.5  15.4  17.5  259     4    12.59                                                            --       SO025300.5+165258
Kapteyn's Star      05 11.7 -45 01  250.5 -36.0  M1     8.86 10.89 255.26  0.86 12.78              24186  33793 CD-45 1841              VZ Pic Gl 191
SCR 1845-6357     A 18 45.0 -63 58  331.5 -23.5  M8.5  17.39 19.41 253.94  2.49 12.84                                                            --
SCR 1845-6357     B 18 45.0 -63 58  331.5 -23.5  T5.5    -     -   253.94  2.49 12.84 AB:4.5 AU                                                  --       Brown Dwarf
Lacaille 8760       21 17.3 -38 52    3.9 -44.3  M0     6.69  8.71 253.37  1.13 12.87             105090 202560 CD-39 14192             AX Mic Gl 825
Kruger 60         A 22 28.0 +57 42  104.7   0.0  M3     9.85 11.85 249.52  3.03 13.07             110893 239960 BD+56 2783  G232-075           Gl 860 A
Kruger 60         B 22 28.0 +57 42  104.7   0.0  M6    11.3  13.3  249.52  3.03 13.07 AB:9.7 AU                                         DO Cep Gl 860 B
DENIS 1048-39       10 48.2 -39 56  278.7 +17.1  M9    17.39 19.36 247.71  1.55 13.17                                                            --
Ross 614          A 06 29.4 -02 49  212.9  -6.2  M4.5  11.12 13.05 242.89  2.64 13.43              30920                    G106-049  V577 Mon Gl 234 A
Ross 614          B 06 29.4 -02 49  212.9  -6.2  M7    14.6  16.5  242.89  2.64 13.43 AB:3.8 AU                                                Gl 234 B
Wolf 1061           16 30.3 -12 40    3.4 +23.7  M3.5  10.10 11.95 234.51  1.82 13.91              80824        BD-12 4523  G153-058 V2306 Oph Gl 628
Wolf 424          A 12 33.3 +09 01  288.8 +71.4  M5.5  13.04 14.87 232.2   4.3  14.05                                       G012-043           Gl 473 A
Wolf 424          B 12 33.3 +09 01  288.8 +71.4  M7    13.3  15.1  232.2   4.3  14.05 AB:3.3 AU                                         FL Vir Gl 473 B
CD-37 15492         00 05.4 -37 21  343.6 -75.9  M4     8.56 10.36 229.33  1.08 14.22                439 225213 CD-37 15492 G267-025           Gl   1
van Maanen's Star   00 49.2 +05 23  121.9 -57.5  DZ7   12.37 14.15 226.95  5.35 14.37               3829                    G001-027           Gl  35     Wolf 28
L 1159-16           02 00.2 +13 03  147.7 -46.5  M8    12.28 14.03 223.8   2.9  14.57                                       G003-033    TZ Ari Gl  83.1
L 143-23            10 44.5 -61 12  288.3  -2.0  M5.5  13.92 15.66 222.8  13.6  14.6                                                           GJ 3618    LHS 288
LP 731-58           10 48.2 -11 20  261.0 +41.3  M6.5  15.60 17.32 221.0   3.6  14.76                                                          GJ 3622    LHS 292
BD+68 946           17 36.4 +68 20   98.6 +32.0  M3.5   9.15 10.87 220.85  0.92 14.77              86162        BD+68 946   G240-063           Gl 687
CD-46 11540         17 28.7 -46 54  343.0  -6.8  M3     9.38 11.10 220.43  1.63 14.80              85523        CD-46 11540                    Gl 674
L 145-141           11 45.7 -64 50  296.0  -2.8  DQ6   11.50 13.18 216.40  2.11 15.07              57367                                       Gl 440
G158-27             00 06.7 -07 32   92.5 -67.7  M5.5  13.75 15.39 212.8   3.3  15.33                                       G158-027           GJ 1002
Ross 780            22 53.3 -14 16   52.0 -59.6  M5    10.16 11.80 212.69  2.10 15.34             113020        BD-15 6290  G156-057    IL Aqr Gl 876     Has three planets
G208-44           A 19 53.9 +44 25   78.9  +8.5  M5.5  13.41 15.04 212.0   4.3  15.39                                       G208-044 V1581 Cyg GJ 1245 A
G208-44           B 19 53.9 +44 25   78.9  +8.5  M6    14.01 15.64 212.0   4.3  15.39 AB:35 AU                              G208-045           GJ 1245 B
G208-44           C 19 53.9 +44 25   78.9  +8.5  M8    16.66 18.29 212.0   4.3  15.39 AC:1.3 AU                                                GJ 1245 C
Lalande 21258     A 11 05.5 +43 32  168.5 +63.1  M2     8.82 10.40 206.94  1.19 15.76              54211        BD+44 2051  G176-011           Gl 412 A
Lalande 21258     B 11 05.5 +43 31  168.5 +63.1  M6    14.40 15.78 206.94  1.19 15.76 AB:130 AU                             G176-012    WX UMa Gl 412 B
Groombridge 1618    10 11.4 +49 27  165.9 +52.2  K7     6.60  8.16 205.22  0.81 15.89              49908  88230 BD+50 1725  G196-009           Gl 380
DENIS 0255-47       02 55.1 -47 01  260.6 -58.7  L8      -     -   204    13    16.0                                                             --       Brown Dwarf
BD+20 2465          10 19.6 +19 52  216.5 +54.6  M4.5   9.40 10.95 203.9   2.8  16.00                           BD+20 2465  G054-023    AD Leo Gl 388
L 354-89            21 33.6 -49 01  349.2 -46.4  M1     8.66 10.19 202.53  1.33 16.10             106440 204961 CD-49 13515                    Gl 832
LP 944-20           03 39.6 -35 26  236.7 -53.4  M9    18.5  20.0  201.4   4.3  16.19                                                            --       Brown Dwarf
CD-44 11909         17 37.1 -44 19  346.0  -6.6  M3.5  10.94 12.43 198.32  2.43 16.45              86214        CD-44 11909                    Gl 682
Omicron▓ Eridani  A 04 15.3 -07 39  200.8 -38.0  K1     4.43  5.92 198.24  0.84 16.45              19849  26965 BD-07 780                      Gl 166 A   40 Eridani
Omicron▓ Eridani  B 04 15.4 -07 40  200.8 -38.0  DA4    9.52 11.01 198.24  0.84 16.45 AB:420 AU           26976 BD-07 781   G160-060           Gl 166 B
Omicron▓ Eridani  C 04 15.4 -07 40  200.8 -38.0  M4.5  11.17 12.66 198.24  0.84 16.45 BC:35 AU                                          DY Eri Gl 166 C
BD+43 4305          22 46.8 +44 20  100.6 -13.1  M4.5  10.29 11.77 198.07  2.05 16.47             112460        BD+43 4305  G216-016    EV Lac Gl 873
70 Ophiuchi       A 18 05.5 +02 30   29.9 +11.3  K0     4.03  5.50 196.62  1.38 16.59              88601 165341 BD+02 3482           V2391 Oph Gl 702 A
70 Ophiuchi       B 18 05.5 +02 30   29.9 +11.3  K5     6.00  7.47 196.62  1.38 16.59 AB:23 AU                                                 Gl 702 B
Altair              19 50.8 +08 52   47.8  -8.9  A7     0.77  2.21 194.44  0.94 16.77              97649 187642 BD+08 4236                     Gl 768     Alpha Aquilae
G9-38             A 08 58.2 +19 46  207.5 +36.5  M5.5  14.06 15.47 191.3   2.5  17.05                                       G009-038    EI Cnc GJ 1116 A  LHS 2076
G9-38             B 08 58.2 +19 46  207.5 +36.5  M5.5  14.92 16.33 191.3   2.5  17.05 AB:24 AU                                                 GJ 1116 B  LHS 2077
L 722-22          A 00 15.5 -16 08   84.0 -76.2  M4    12.03 13.41 188.7   8.4  17.3                1242                    G158-050           GJ 1005 A
L 722-22          B 00 15.5 -16 08   84.0 -76.2  M6    14.3  15.7  188.7   8.4  17.3  AB:0.74 AU                                               GJ 1005 B
G99-49              06 00.1 +02 42  204.6 -10.1  M4    11.33 12.68 186.3   6.2  17.51                                       G099-049           GJ 3379    LTT 17897
G254-29             11 47.7 +78 41  126.8 +38.0  M4    10.80 12.14 185.48  1.43 17.59              57544                    G254-029           Gl 445
Lalande 25372       13 45.7 +14 53  351.6 +72.4  M4     8.46  9.79 184.13  1.27 17.71              67155 119850 BD+15 2620  G063-053           Gl 526     Wolf 498
LP 656-38           05 02.0 -06 57  206.4 -27.5  M3.5  12.15 13.46 182.70  3.30 17.85                                                          GJ 3323    LHS 1723
LP 816-60           20 52.7 -16 58   30.2 -34.3  M5    11.41 12.71 182.15  3.68 17.91             103039                                         --
Stein 2051        A 04 31.2 +58 59  148.1  +7.3  M4    11.08 12.37 181.36  3.67 17.98              21088                    G175-034           Gl 169.1 A
Stein 2051        B 04 31.2 +58 59  148.1  +7.3  DC5   12.44 13.73 181.36  3.67 17.98 AB:39 AU                                                 Gl 169.1 B
Wolf 294            06 54.8 +33 16  182.9 +15.1  M4     9.89 11.18 181.32  1.87 17.99              33226                    G087-012           Gl 251
2MASS 1835+32       18 35.6 +33 00   61.7 +17.4  M8.5  18.27 19.50 176.50  0.50 18.48                                                            --
Wolf 1453           05 31.5 -03 41  207.0 -19.4  M1.5   7.97  9.19 175.72  1.20 18.56              25878  36395 BD-03 1123  G099-015           Gl 205
2MASS 0415-09       04 15.3 -09 35  202.9 -38.9  T8.5    -     -   174.34  2.76 18.71                                                            --       Brown Dwarf
Sigma Draconis      19 32.4 +69 40  101.3 +21.9  K0     4.67  5.87 173.41  0.46 18.81              96100 185144 BD+69 1053                     Gl 764
L 668-21          A 06 10.6 -21 52  228.6 -18.4  M1     8.15  9.34 173.19  1.12 18.83              29295  42581 BD-21 1377                     Gl 229 A
L 668-21          B 06 10.6 -21 52  228.6 -18.4  T6      -     -   173.19  1.12 18.83 AB:46 AU                                                 Gl 229 B   Brown Dwarf
Ross 47             05 42.2 +12 29  193.7  -9.2  M4    11.56 12.75 172.78  3.88 18.88              26857                    G102-022 V1352 Ori Gl 213
L 205-128           17 46.6 -57 19  335.3 -14.5  M3.5  10.75 11.93 172.08  2.22 18.95              86990                                       Gl 693
Wolf 1055         A 19 16.9 +05 10   40.4  -3.3  M3.5   9.12 10.28 170.26  1.37 19.16              94761 180617 BD+04 4048  G022-022 V1428 Aql Gl 752 A   Ross 652
Wolf 1055         B 19 17.0 +05 09   40.4  -3.3  M8    17.52 18.68 170.26  1.37 19.16 AB:430 AU                                      V1298 Aql Gl 752 B   VB 10
L 674-15            08 12.7 -21 33  241.5  +6.9  M4    12.1  13.3  170.0  10.2  19.2                                                           Gl 300
Lalande 27173     A 14 57.5 -21 25  338.3 +32.7  K5     5.75  6.89 169.32  1.67 19.26              73184 131977 BD-20 4125                     Gl 570 A   HR 5568
Lalande 27173     B 14 57.5 -21 25  338.3 +32.7  M1     8.07  9.21 169.32  1.67 19.26 AB:130 AU    73182 131976 BD-20 4123                     Gl 570 B
Lalande 27173     C 14 57.5 -21 25  338.3 +32.7  M3    10.5  11.6  169.32  1.67 19.26 BC:0.84 AU                                               Gl 570 C
Lalande 27173     D 14 57.3 -21 22  338.2 +32.7  T8      -     -   169.32  1.67 19.26 AD:1500 AU                                               Gl 570 D   Brown Dwarf
L 347-14            19 20.8 -45 33  352.4 -23.9  M4.5  12.23 13.37 169.03  1.55 19.30                                                          Gl 754
Ross 882            07 44.7 +03 33  215.9 +13.5  M4.5  11.19 12.32 168.59  2.67 19.35              37766                    G050-004    YZ CMi Gl 285
CD-40 9712          15 32.2 -41 17  332.7 +12.1  M3     9.31 10.44 168.52  1.42 19.35              76074        CD-40 9712                     Gl 588
Eta Cassiopeiae   A 00 49.1 +57 49  122.6  -5.1  G0     3.46  4.59 167.99  0.62 19.42               3821   4614 BD+57 150                      Gl  34 A   Wolf 24
Eta Cassiopeiae   B 00 49.1 +57 49  122.6  -5.1  K7     7.51  8.64 167.99  0.62 19.42 AB:71 AU                                                 Gl  34 B
Lalande 46650       23 49.2 +02 24   93.6 -56.9  M2     8.98 10.10 167.51  1.49 19.47             117473        BD+01 4774  G029-068    BR Psc Gl 908
36 Ophiuchi       A 17 15.4 -26 36  358.3  +6.9  K1     5.07  6.18 167.08  1.07 19.52              84405 155886 CD-26 12026                    Gl 663 A
36 Ophiuchi       B 17 15.4 -26 36  358.3  +6.9  K1     5.11  6.23 167.08  1.07 19.52 AB:83 AU           155885                                Gl 663 B
36 Ophiuchi       C 17 16.2 -26 33  358.4  +6.7  K5     6.33  7.45 167.56  1.06 19.47 AC:4400 AU   84478 156026 CD-26 12036          V2215 Oph Gl 664
CD-36 13940       A 20 11.2 -36 06    5.2 -30.9  K3     5.32  6.41 165.24  0.90 19.74              99461 191408 CD-36 13940                    Gl 783 A   HR 7703
CD-36 13940       B 20 11.2 -36 06    5.2 -30.9  M3.5  11.5  12.6  165.24  0.90 19.74 AB:42 AU                                                 Gl 783 B
82 Eridani          03 19.9 -43 04  250.7 -56.1  G5     4.26  5.35 165.02  0.55 19.77              15510  20794 CD-43 1028                     Gl 139     e Eridani
Delta Pavonis       20 08.7 -66 11  329.8 -32.4  G5     3.55  4.62 163.73  0.65 19.92              99240 190248 CD-66 2367                     Gl 780
Wolf 1481           14 34.3 -12 31  338.4 +43.1  M3    11.32 12.39 163.51  2.77 19.95              71253        BD-11 3759              HN Lib Gl 555

Column 1: A common name for the star.
Column 2: Letter denoting a member of a multiple system.
Column 3: The Right Ascension in hours and minutes for epoch 2000.
Column 4: The Declination in degrees and minutes for epoch 2000.
Column 5: Galactic longitude.
Column 6: Galactic latitude.
Column 7: The spectral classification of the star.
Column 8: Apparent magnitude.
Column 9: Absolute magnitude.
Column 10: Parallax in milli-arcseconds, from the Hipparcos catalogue for stars
           above mag 12, otherwise from the 3rd Gliese catalogue.
Column 11: The approximate error in the parallax in milli-arcseconds.
Column 12: The distance in light years (=3.2616/parallax).
Column 13: Separation between components in the system.  For example, 'AB:23 AU'
           means that the distance between star A and B is 23 astronomical units.
Column 14: Hipparcos catalogue number.
Column 15: Henry-Draper catalogue number.
Column 16: Bonner/Cˇrdoba/Cape Durchmusterung catalogue number.
Column 17: Giclas catalogue number.
Column 18: Variable star catalogue number.
Column 19: Gliese catalogue of nearby stars number.
Column 20: Additional notes and catalogue names.

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Proxima Centauri - from the Digitized Sky Survey
One red star among thousands. The red star at the centre of this photograph is the Sun's nearest neighbour - Proxima Centauri. It is 4.22 light years away. Most of the other stars in this image are hundreds of times more distant.
The closest stars Back to the Nearest Stars page